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12 April in the History of Psychology

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On April 12:

1898 — Eleanor Touroff Glueck was born. Glueck studied variables of family disruption and physique that predict juvenile delinquency.

1930 — The first meeting of the reorganized New York Branch of the APA was held. The Eastern Psychological Association is the successor to the New York Branch and numbers its annual meetings from this meeting. Robert S. Woodworth served as honorary president at this meeting, and Howard C. Warren was elected president for the following year.

1941 — Alan Kent Malyon was born. Malyon was a clinical psychologist interested in gay and lesbian issues. He spearheaded the successful drive to remove homosexuality as a pathological condition in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association.

1947 — The first recommendations for certification of Canadian psychologists was presented by the Certification Committee of the Canadian Psychological Association at the association's annual meeting in Ottawa.

1956 — The drug Atarax (hydroxyzine hydrochloride; Roerig) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Hydroxyzine is a diphenylamine and is prescribed as an antianxiety medication. Its action may be due to suppression of subcortical brain activity.

1957 — The Journal for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior was founded at a meeting in the Statler Hotel in New York City. The journal was founded as a forum for studies of operant conditioning. A formal proposal for the journal was later written by Charles Ferster, William N. Schoenfeld, Murray Sidman, and Peter B. Dews. Ferster served as the first editor of the journal and sent out the first call for papers on August 8, 1957.

1958 — The Wyoming Psychological Association was founded. Alvin Howard was the first president.

1967 — The antipsychotic drug Haldol (haloperidol; McNeil Pharmaceutical) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Haloperidol was the first of the butyrophenone series of major tranquilizers and came to be widely used in institutional settings.

1968 — The Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis was first published. The journal was founded and published by the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Montrose Wolf was the editor of the journal.

1968 — Donald Baer, Montrose Wolf, and Todd Risley's article "Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis" was published in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. By 1982, this article had been cited in over 535 other publications and was featured as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.

1968 — Fred Keller's article "Goodbye, Teacher . . . " was published in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. The article described the application of behavioral principles to instruction.