06 June in the Hist...
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06 June in the History of Psychology

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On June 6:

1819 — Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke was born. One of Freud's teachers, Brücke was a physiologist and antivitalist who required his students to take an oath to use only common physical and chemical forces as explanatory principles.

1875 — Grace Kent was born. The Kent-Rosanoff Free Association Test is the best known product of Kent's work in clinical psychology. She is also responsible for several other clinical assessment instruments.

1876 — The American Association on Mental Deficiency was founded at the Pennsylvania Training School in Elwyn, Pennsylvania, on the occasion of the American Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. The original name of the group was The Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for Idiots and Feeble-Minded Persons. Edouard O. S�guin was elected president.

1893 — The first meeting of the American Medico-Psychological Association was held in Chicago. Judson B. Andrews was president. The group had been named the Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane since 1844 and would become the American Psychiatric Association in 1913.

1900 — Manfred Joshua Sakel was born. Sakel was a psychiatrist who discovered the effects of insulin shock therapy on schizophrenia.

1913 — Edward L. Thorndike's Educational Psychology: Vol. 1. The Original Nature of Man was published.

1921 — Hermann Rorschach's book Psychodiagnostik, describing his inkblot method of personality assessment, was published in Switzerland by Bircher, the eighth publisher to review the manuscript and cards. Rorschach died 10 months afterward.

1938 — The Society for Personality Assessment was founded. The Society was originally named The Rorschach Institute and has maintained an emphasis on the Rorschach test.

1961 — The first Human Factors Research Symposium was held at Los Angeles State College, now California State University, Los Angeles.

1975 — The first National Conference on Rational-Emotive Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Modification began in Chicago.