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02 December in the History of Psychology


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On December 2:

1875 — The Society for the Protection of Animals Liable to Vivisection, or the Victoria Street Society, was founded in England by Frances Power Cobbe, an early animal rights activist. The society adopted a militant program of prevention of cruelty to animals, especially animals used in research. The research ethics of experimental psychologists have been strongly affected by animal rights groups.

1904 — Willard L. Valentine was born. Valentine developed the introductory psychology course at Ohio State University, managed the APA journals program for many years, and served as treasurer of the APA.

1915 — Natalie Shainess was born. Shainess, a psychoanalyst, focused on the study of sexuality and society, the psychology of women, and personality development.

1937 — Ina Cepenas Uzgiris was born. Uzgiris has specialized in research on cognitive development in infants. She is best known for the development, with J. McVicker Hunt, of ordinal scales of acquisition of Piagetian stages.

1968 — Daniel P. Kimble's article "Hippocampus and Internal Inhibition" was published in Psychological Bulletin. In 1979, this article was featured as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.

1981 — The APA filed its first lawsuit. The action was brought on behalf of three U.S. government workers receiving mental health care threatened by cuts in the federal budget. The plaintiffs contended that mental health services were cut more than other health care services and that their well-being was jeopardized. The case was dismissed on April 30, 1982.

1989 — The ground breaking ceremony was held for the newest APA headquarters building, on First Street, NE, in Washington, DC. Twelve past presidents, two former chief executive officers, the current chief executive officer, and the 1989 board of directors were present.