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Which of the following is a key difference between the experimental method and naturalistic observation?

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(@aamir)
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Which of the following is a key difference between the experimental method and naturalistic observation?

(A) Experiments yield qualitative data, whereas naturalistic observation yields quantitative data.
(B) Naturalistic observation involves surveys, whereas experiments measure behavior.
(C) Naturalistic observation takes place in the field, whereas experiments take place in a lab.
(D) Researchers can exercise greater control over experiments than in naturalistic observation.
(E) Experiments can yield statistically significant results and naturalistic observation cannot.

Spoiler
Answer
(D) Researchers can exercise greater control over experiments than in naturalistic observation.

Spoiler
Explanation
One of the hallmarks of the experimental method is the ability to control for various
confounding variables, while naturalistic observation is a primarily a descriptive method that tried to convey a realistic picture of a phenomenon rather than artificially manipulate and control it. Experiments typically yield quantitative data; naturalistic observation often yields both quantitative and qualitative data. Naturalistic observation involves observation, not surveys; in experiments, the dependent variable measured may or may not be behavioral. While naturalistic observation typically takes place in something we could describe as the field, experiments may take place in either the lab or the field. Finally, both experiments and naturalistic observation may yield statistically significant results.

 
Posted : 16/04/2024 4:38 pm
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