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One of the principal differences between the ethical guidelines for human and animal research is:

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(@aamir)
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One of the principal differences between the ethical guidelines for human and animal research is:

(A) Human subjects can be deceived for experimental purposes and animals cannot.
(B) Animal subjects can be placed at much greater physical risk than human subjects can.
(C) Human subjects must be chosen much more carefully than animal subjects.
(D) If humans might physically suffer because of the study, the suffering must be minimal, in contrast to animal studies where any amount of suffering is ethical if it helps to further a clear scientific purpose.
(E) Environmental conditions for human studies must be monitored much more closely than they are in an animal study.

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Answer
(B) Animal subjects can be placed at much greater physical risk than human subjects can.

Spoiler
Explanation
Within the limits imposed by the guidelines, researchers can physically harm animals if the harm is justified by the nature of the experiments. Deception is obviously not an issue applicable to animal research. Researchers must keep suffering to a minimum, so “any amount” is not an appropriate response (choice D). Animal subjects must be chosen carefully (from accredited commercial sources) and their environment must follow strict guidelines, so choices C and E are also incorrect.

 
Posted : 11/01/2024 10:50 am
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