Hello and welcome to Psychology Roots Forums! We are thrilled to have joined us in this space dedicated to all things related to psychology. Participating in forums can be a great way to learn from others, share your own experiences and knowledge, and connect with like-minded individuals. You can engage in discussions on topics ranging from the latest research in psychology to practical tips for improving mental health.
We also invite you to take advantage of the resources available on our website, including articles, videos, and recommended readings. With so much information at your fingertips, Psychology Roots Forums is the perfect place to begin or deepen your exploration of psychology.
20 August in the History of Psychology
On August 20:
1904 — Anne Roe was born. Roe is best known for her work relating personality and vocational choice. Her book The Psychology of Occupations (1956) was the first thorough treatment of this topic. Her other interests included interviewing techniques, evolution and behavior, and creativity.
1913 — Roger W. Sperry was born. Sperry's best known studies were of functional differences between the right and left cerebral hemispheres. He also studied neurospecificity through nerve regeneration and the functions of displaced organs. Society of Experimental Psychologists Warren Medal, 1969; APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1971; Nobel prize, 1981; National Medal of Science, 1989.
1948 — Meeting in London, the International Congress on Mental Health formed the World Federation for Mental Health, with John R. Reese of Britain as president. The purpose of the group was to promote world peace by curbing individual aggressiveness.
1949 — The Colorado Conference on Graduate Education in Clinical Psychology began. The conference produced the well known Boulder scientist-practitioner model of clinical education. The scientist-practitioner model has continued to be the standard referent for models of clinical preparation in the years following the Boulder Conference.
1950 — James J. Gibson's book The Perception of the Visual World was published.
1953 — Manfred Sakel, who developed insulin shock therapy for schizophrenia, addressed the World Federation for Mental Health in Vienna. Sakel denounced the failure to differentiate between physiological and environmental causes of mental illness and the indiscriminate use of electric shock therapy as a substitute for insulin shock therapy. The later introduction of drug therapies reduced the use of both electric and insulin shock therapies.
1964 — The Economic Opportunities Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-452) was passed. Project Head Start, an application of psychological studies of the effects of early intervention, was funded by Title II (Community Action Programs) of the act.
1979 — The first Annual Conference on Wilderness and Psychology was held in Great Falls, Montana.