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13 August in the History of Psychology
On August 13:
1886 — Victor Horsley described early successful surgery for epilepsy to the Section on Surgery of the British Medical Association. After experimental work on monkeys, Horsley had successfully inferred the site of injuries or tumors in three human cases. Jean Charcot and John Hughlings Jackson were present at the meeting to congratulate Horsley.
1887 — This was the date of last entry in James McKeen Cattell's European diary, begun when he was a student on tour on July 13, 1880. Cattell cited his appointment to the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania and his marriage to Josephine Owen as "the two great events of the year."
1938 — The Psychological Review Company was legally dissolved. This completed the transfer of five major journals from Howard C. Warren to the APA.
1940 — A book titled The Psycho-Math Stud Poker System, by John William Loftus, was published, perhaps breaking new ground in applied psychology.
1950 — The first White House Conference on Aging began. This first conference was called the National Conference on Aging and the present name was adopted in 1961 for the second conference. Federal Security Administrator Oscar R. Ewing presided over 800 delegates to the 3-day meeting.
1979 — The first public meeting of the Cognitive Science Society was held in La Jolla, California, in conjunction with a separately organized Conference on Cognitive Science arranged by Donald Norman. Allan Collins was the first chairman of the Cognitive Science Society.
1981 — With the passage of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, Congress ended the formal federal support of community mental health centers that began in 1963. Previously dedicated funds were reduced and made part of a mental health block grant program.
1987 — The Journal of Family Psychology, the journal of APA Division 43, was first published. Howard A. Liddle was editor of the new journal. The APA became the owner of the journal in 1990 and took over publication in 1992.
1988 — The new APA Science Directorate sponsored the first Science Weekend at the APA convention in Atlanta. Selected events were scheduled at nonconflicting times in rooms at a single location.
1988 — Sandra Wood Scarr was presented with the APA's first Award for Distinguished Contribution to Research in Public Policy. Scarr's studies of the effects of environmental enrichment on intelligence and of the effects of the quality of child care are models of the application of behavioral science to important social problems with public policy implications.
1989 — The APA Council of Representatives admitted Division 48 (Peace Psychology).