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04 August in the History of Psychology
On August 4:
1832 — Phrenologist Johann Gaspar Spurzheim arrived in the United States for a public lecture tour. Spurzheim died of typhoid in Boston during this tour, on November 10, 1832. Phrenology enjoyed widespread popular acceptance as a personality assessment tool in nineteenth century America.
1861 — Sir Henry Head was born. Head was a neurologist who established that peripheral nerves can regenerate by cutting two nerves in his own arm. He was the first to trace the path of sensory impulses from the receptor to the cortex. Research late in his career focused on aphasia.
1918 — Tracy Seedman Kendler was born. Kendler applied a behavioral approach to the study of learning and problem solving. Her many research articles focused on reversal shifts, mediating responses, and concept formation, with special attention given to these phenomena in young children.
1921 — The first meeting of the Western Psychological Association (WPA) was held in Berkeley, California. The first president of the WPA was Lewis Terman. The WPA was originally an affiliate of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
1934 — Allen E. Bergin was born. Bergin has concentrated on comprehensive surveys of psychotherapy research and writing on the place of religion and values in psychology. His Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (1971), edited with Sol Garfield, has been the definitive summary of the field for more than 20 years. APA Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions, 1989.
1946 — The American Board of Examiners in Professional Psychology was founded in Pittsburgh. The name of the body was later changed to the American Board of Professional Psychology.