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Antonia has a cat. The first time she sees a rabbit, she calls it a cat. Her mistake is due to the process of

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(@aamir)
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Antonia has a cat. The first time she sees a rabbit, she calls it a cat. Her mistake is due to the process of

(A) discrimination.
(B) generalization.
(C) accommodation.
(D) assimilation.
(E) habituation.

Spoiler
Answer
(D) assimilation.

Spoiler
Explanation
Antonia has a cat. The first time she sees a rabbit, she calls it a cat. Her error results from the process of assimilation. Assimilation, as defined by Piaget, is the ability to take in new information using one’s existing schemas. Antonia had a schema for a cat and used it to make sense of a new animal, a rabbit. Accommodation will occur if Antonia is corrected and told that this new animal with longer ears and a shorter tail is a rabbit, and she then creates a new schema for rabbits. Discrimination and generalization are terms used together in discussing learning. Discrimination is when one can tell the difference between a stimulus and similar stimuli, and generalization is when one responds the same way to similar stimuli as one did to the stimulus with which one was originally trained. Habituation is a decrease in response to a repeated stimulus.

 
Posted : 18/04/2024 3:30 pm
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