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The Rosenhan study of mental institutions showed that

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(@aamir)
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The Rosenhan study of mental institutions showed that

(A) treatment at private institutions tends to be better than treatment at public institutions.
(B) men are diagnosed at higher rates than women reporting the same symptoms.
(C) it is difficult to convince medical professionals that one has a disorder when one does not.
(D) people are overly concerned about the stickiness of diagnostic labels.
(E) confirmation bias may influence clinicians’ views and treatments of mental patients.

Spoiler
Answer
(E) confirmation bias may influence clinicians’ views and treatments of mental patients.

Spoiler
Explanation
The Rosenhan study of mental institutions showed that confirmation bias, the tendency to pay more attention to information that supports one’s views than challenges them, may influence clinicians’ views and treatments of mental patients. In this study, a number of people checked themselves into a variety of mental institutions, including small private facilities and large public ones, reporting that they heard voices saying “empty,” “hollow,” and “thud.” The otherwise normal people were admitted and then resumed their normal behavior. The study revealed that it took a long time for any of the hospitals’ employees to realize that these patients were not in need of treatment, something that might be partly explained by the fact that the staff members tended to avoid contact with the patients. When the pseudopatients were released from the hospitals, they were diagnosed as schizophrenics in remission, which illustrates the stickiness of labels. The Rosenhan study showed that it can be difficult to discern who is mentally ill and who is well.

 
Posted : 15/05/2024 11:26 am
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