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25 June in the History of Psychology
On June 25:
1735 — The first copies of engravings of Hogarth's "A Rake's Progress" (Scene VIII) were published. The well-known scene depicts patients at London's Bethlehem Hospital ("Bedlam") and is part of a artistic moral lesson on the consequences of a life of sin and debauchery.
1948 — Robert W. White's The Abnormal Personality, a classic text in the area, was first published.
1975 — The first Vermont Conference on Primary Prevention of Psychopathology opened in Burlington, Vermont.
1975 — The U.S. Supreme Court ruled, in Moody v. Albemarle Paper Company, that inappropriate psychological testing had been used for the purpose of racial discrimination. The practice was declared unconstitutional and back pay was awarded to the plaintiffs.
1984 — The Virginia Psychological Foundation (VPF) was created. This was the first state psychological foundation. The VPF was incorporated on July 30, 1984, with Meredith W. Green, Frederick B. Rowe, Charles H. Holland, and Merrell P. Runquist as the incorporators. The first meeting of the VPF board of directors was held on November 16, 1984.
1986 — The petition to create APA Division 45 (Ethnic Minority Issues) was submitted. Maxine Rawlins was instrumental in creating this division.
1987 — The National Medal of Science was presented by President Reagan to Anne Anastasi for her work in differential psychology.
1987 — Daniel L. Schacter's article "Implicit Memory: History and Current Status" was published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Between 1986 and 1990, this article was cited more often than any other psychology article and was designated a "citation classic" by Current Contents.
1990 — The California Supreme Court delivered its decision in CAPP v. Rank. The decision affirmed the right of psychologists to independently admit, diagnose, treat, and discharge mental inpatients, free from psychiatric supervision. Parties to the suit were the California Association of Psychology Providers (CAPP) and Peter Rank, director of the state's Department of Health Services.