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24 February in the History of Psychology


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On February 24:

1409 — The founding of the world's first mental hospital was inspired. On this day in Valencia, Spain, Father Juan Galiberto Jofré� came upon a crowd harassing a "madman." Wealthy citizens, led by Lorenzo Salom, responded to a sermon calling for a hospital for the insane. The Hospital de Nuestra Doña Santa Maria de los Inocentes was founded later in the year and is still in operation.

1904 — The Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology was founded at a meeting of the National Education Association in Atlanta. The organizer of the founding meeting was Edward Buchner. James Mark Baldwin was elected the first president of the society.

1913 — John B. Watson gave his noteworthy lecture titled "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It" to the meeting of the New York Branch of the APA at Columbia University. The lecture was also published in Psychological Review (1913).

1960 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the distribution of the benzodiazepine chlordiazepoxide. Hoffman-LaRoche marketed the drug under the trade name Librium. The drug's inventor, Leo Sternbach, filed its U.S. patent application on May 15, 1958. A second benzodiazepine, diazepam (Valium), followed in 1963.

1984 — Industrial psychologist Lillian M. Gilbreth appeared on a 40-cent U.S. stamp was issued on this day in Montclair, New Jersey. Gilbreth is the only psychologist ever to appear on a U.S. postage stamp.

1984 — The APA Division 29 journal, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice, shortened its name to Psychotherapy. Donald K. Freedheim became the editor at the same time, replacing Arthur Kovacs.

1992 — The APA and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced a program of voluntary participation by psychologists in Head Start schools in the United States. The public service project was part of psychology's continuing involvement in early childhood education and the Head Start program.