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22 October in the History of Psychology
On October 22:
1807 — Magnus Huss, a Swedish medical clinician, was born. Huss was the first to recognize the syndrome of chronic alcoholism. His paper, "Alcoholismus chronicus eller kronisk alkoholssjukdom," was published in 1849.
1850 — Gustav Fechner received an insight into the mathematical nature of the mind-body relation. Both Fechner's law and the semireligious nature of his revelation are described in many histories of psychology.
1859 — The Lunatic Asylum West of the Alleghany Mountains was opened for patients in Weston, Virginia. The hospital became part of West Virginia at the time of the Civil War and was renamed the West Virginia Hospital for the Insane on November 12, 1863, thus becoming West Virginia's first state mental hospital. The name was later changed to Weston State Hospital and is now Weston Hospital.
1916 — Julian B. Rotter was born. Rotter's social learning framework pioneered new behavioral approaches to personal and clinical psychology. He is best known for his description of internal versus external locus of control as a personality variable. APA Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, 1988.
1957 — Charles B. Ferster and B. F. Skinner's Schedules of Reinforcement was published. By 1979, this book had been cited in over 1,180 other publications and was chosen as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents.