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20 December in the History of Psychology

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On December 20:

1893 — Charlotte Malachowski Bühler was born. Bühler produced a humanistic theory of child development, the diary method of data collection, and several diagnostic instruments.

1895 — Suzanne Langer was born. Langer was a philosopher who contributed to psycholinguistics in her book Philosophy in a New Key (1942) and to aesthetics in Feeling and Form (1953).

1901 — Walter Dill Scott gave an address to a national convention of advertising executives in Chicago, speaking on the potential application of psychological principles to advertising. This was a landmark in the early history of industrial psychology.

1921 — George W. Albee was born. Albee's interests have been in community and clinical psychology. He has made major contributions to the establishment of the independent profession of psychology. Albee's early research was on the childhood intellectual development of adults with schizophrenia. APA President, 1970; APA Distinguished Professional Contribution Award, 1975; American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal, 1993.

1934 — George Herbert Mead's book Mind, Self, and Society: From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist was published.

1951 — The Interamerican Society of Psychology (ISP) was founded during the Fourth International Congress on Mental Health in Mexico City. Eduardo Krapf of Argentina was the first president of the organization. Werner Wolff of Bard College was instrumental in forming the ISP. The official founding followed a constitutional assembly held on December 17, 1951.

1976 — Theodore Millon's Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory was published. An earlier form of the instrument was called the Millon-Illinois Self Report Inventory.