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19 July in the History of Psychology
On July 19:
1878 — Walter F. Dearborn was born. Dearborn was an educational psychologist who supervised the Harvard Growth Study, a longitudinal study of 1,533 children from 1922 to 1934. Utilizing the Dearborn Group Tests of Intelligence, the study described patterns of physical growth but failed to find correlates with intellectual growth.
1896 — Samuel J. Beck was born. Beck's research, instruction, and publications centered on the reliability, validity, administration, and objective interpretation of the Rorschach Test.
1939 — Philip R. Laughlin was born. Through his service as chairperson of the Veterans Administration (VA) Psychology Representation Committee, Laughlin has been an articulate voice for excellence in psychological training and education within the VA. APA Distinguished Contribution to Education and Training in Psychology Award, 1989.
1945 — The first U.S. state law for certification or licensure of psychologists was signed by Governor Raymond Baldwin of Connecticut. Walter R. Miles of the Yale University School of Medicine chaired the first board of examiners and was the first certified psychologist. Fifty other psychologists were certified in Connecticut the first year.
1945 — Science: The Endless Frontier was published. This work was a report from physicist Vannevar Bush to President Truman, urging the formation of a single agency for federal support of scientific research. The National Science Foundation, created in 1950, was the result.
1949 — The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children was first published.
1950 — The drug Seconal (secobarbital sodium; Eli Lilly) was approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Secobarbital is a barbiturate and depresses activity in the central nervous system. It is used as an antianxiety agent and as a sedative.
1951 — The first Assembly of the International Union of Psychological Science was held in Stockholm. At the time the organization was named the International Union of Scientific Psychology.
1956 — Lightner Witmer died. Witmer was the last surviving founding member of the APA and the originator of modern clinical psychology.
1971 — The APA Monitor announced a trial run of the Current Research Summaries project, designed to compensate for publication lag. Readers of journal articles could request summaries of last-minute findings submitted by authors. The Journal of Counseling Psychology, Journal of Experimental Psychology, and Journal of Educational Psychology participated.
1971 — The APA Monitor reported the organizational meeting of the Council for the Advancement of the Psychological Professions and Sciences, a political advocacy organization, in Washington, DC. Rogers Wright was elected president.